Queen Victoria Family Tree
This interactive Queen Victoria Family Tree shows most of Queen Victoria's descendants. It also shows some of her political family or inlaws. The tree does not include descendants who died in infancy or remain very private. Zoom in to look at close relationships and zoom out to look at a network of generations and marriages. You can drag and lock royals to a specific position and get a better look at particular connections or relations. You may also hover over the names to get more information on each family member. A bit tangled? Pull it, shake it, play with it, reload it! Scroll down to read more about this visualization.
Key of Queen Victoria's Royal Descendants
Queen Victoria was born at Kensington Palace on May 24, 1819. She reigned over Britain for 63 years. The longest ruler after Queen Elizabeth II.
Queen Victoria was the daughter of Edward, Duke of Kent and the German Princess Louisa Victoria. Edward was the fourth son of King George III.
When Victoria was only one year old, her father died of pneumonia. She inherited the throne from her uncle, William IV, as all her uncles died without an heir.
A few weeks after turning 18, Victoria became Queen of England on June 20, 1837, following William’s death, with the coronation taking place a year later on June 28, 1838. Source: Royal Collection.
Victoria died on January 22, 1901, at the age of 81. Her reign is known as the Victorian Era.
The Victorian Era was a period of great power and wealth for Britain. It was also a period of advancement of science, railway growth, industrialization, and rapid changes. It was also a time of extreme social inequality. Source: English Heritage.
To learn more about Queen Victoria, Amazon has Queen Victoria: A Personal History. This personal history is a compelling look at the complex woman whom, until now, we only thought we knew.
Queen Victoria's Children
Queen Victoria married her first cousin on her mother's side, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. He was Prince Consort until his death at 42 years old.
Queen Victoria wore black every day after his death.
Victoria and Albert had 9 children and 42 grandchildren.
Her children were:
- Victoria, Princess Royal
- Prince Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, King later Edward VII
- Princess Alice
- Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh
- Princess Helena
- Princess Louise
- Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught
- Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany
- Princess Beatrice
Queen Victoria understood the importance of dynastic marital alliances to extend royal influence.
Prince Albert and Queen Victoria believed that dynastic marriages between their nine children and European royalty would provide a peaceful future for Europe.
If you want to learn more about her descendants, Amazon has Queen Victoria's Matchmaking: The Royal Marriages That Shaped Europe. A captivating exploration of the role in which Queen Victoria exerted the most international power and influence: as a matchmaking grandmother.
Queen Victoria's Descendants
Following with the principle that marriage was a form of power and a path to help spread British liberal values across the continent, Queen Victoria matched her children with suitable families in power.
This is why Queen Victoria is called Europe's Grandmother. Her descendants became monarchs of England, Greece, Denmark, Serbia, Romania, Spain, Norway, Sweeden, and Russia.
These connections began with her children.
The interactive family tree above does not show all connections. Many cousins and second cousins married each other. Just the most important ones are included. Otherwise, the tree would be too tangled to show important relations.
This tree also shows crowned monarchs in yellow so you can determine the extent of power Queen Victoria's descendants have reached.
Victoria Princess Royal
Princess Victoria married Friederich Wilhelm of Prussia. He became emperor of Germany. Their son would be the last emperor of Germany.
Her daughter became the Queen of Greece.
Prince Albert Edward
Prince Albert Edward, later King Edward VII became king of England. His descendants include King George V, King George VI, Queen Elizabeth II, and King Charles III.
King Edward's daughter Maud became Queen consort of Norway. The Norwegian monarchs descend from this line.
Princess Alice was the Queen Consort of Hesse and Rhine.
Her daughter, Alexandra or Alix, became empress consort of Russia when she married Nicholas II, the last czar of Russia.
Prince Alfred Ernest Albert
His daughter Marie became Queen of Romania.
Princess Helena Augusta
She had 6 children from whom there are no descendants alive today.
Princess Louise Caroline Alberta
Princess Louise Caroline married a commoner. Her Husband, John Douglas Sutherland Campbell. He became Governor General of Canada. The Province of Alberta was named for the Princess.
Prince Arthur William Patrick
He also served as Governor General of Canada. His wife was Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia. His daughter Princess Margaret became Crown Princess of Sweden.
Her descendants became the Queen of Denmark, and her descendants were Danish and Greek monarchs.
Prince Leopold George
Prince Leopold suffered from Hemophilia and died at the age of 30.
His granddaughter would marry the King of Sweden.
Princess Beatrice married Prince Henry of Battenberg. Her daughter would become Victoria Eugenie, Queen of Spain.
Queen Victoria and Haemophilia
Queen Victoria was believed to be a carrier of hemophilia B, or factor IX deficiency. She passed the trait on to three of her nine children.
Her son Leopold died of a hemorrhage after a fall when he was 30.
Two of her five daughters, Princess Alice and Princess Beatrice, passed the mutation to various royal houses across Europe.
This disease is carried by females and manifested by males. Source: Hemophilia.org